Journey of mankind is always full of ups and downs. And when it relates to livelihood, money starts talking. A person may be mentally rich; he can be economically poor. It is otherwise true in opposite sense also. Men straggle financially when he faces the poverty. Poverty is a problem that increasingly extends. It affects other fundamental rights. Dignity and self-esteem of a person are also affected by poverty. It prevents the exercise of individual liberties; it is a threat to the security of existence (absence of income and access to housing, health care and justice) and also undermines the overall personal development (intellectual, cultural, family and social). Governments have tried and try to end poverty, however, the reality shows that it has not been eradicated and a lot to do to counteract it.
Poverty as a social problem:
We have all suffered for shortage of money at some point of time. It is an individual experience. It is not the same as the social problem of poverty. Since money is the measure of wealth, lack of it may be the measure of lack of wealth, but it is not a social problem. It includes sustained low level of income of the members of a community. It includes deprivation of access to services like education, markets, health or ability to make decisions, and lack of communal facilities like water, sewage, roads, transport and communications
According to forecasts by the World Bank, the number of people worldwide living in extreme poverty is expected to fall below 10% in 2015, proving once again that the fight against poverty led for 25 years, the international community is closer to its historic goal to end poverty by 2030.
In order to fight poverty in the world, we must know its origins and causes. Poverty in the world has several causes: colonialism, slavery, war, invasions … However, there are different factors that contribute to prevail in time to a situation of extreme lack of vital resources. Now what are the causes of this situation and why there can never remove?
We have mentioned some causes here:
Largest population growth is one of the main reasons of poverty. According to the Population Fund of UN, every year 80 million babies are born, indicating that soon there will be big housing problems. Already, the world’s cities are overcrowded, so it is expected that by 2050 the situation will be much worse.
Increasingly, cities are growing and growing. Cities such as Sao Paulo, New York, London and Tokyo are seen as a symbol of prosperity and economic growth. So they are increasingly migrating to the cities. As a consequence, agricultural areas are reduced, thereby decreasing the amount of food.
Another cause of poverty in the world is the existing business model. Companies of first – world countries use people of southern country as workers and producers in a cheap labor which arise a new cause of poverty in southern countries.
Natural disasters are another cause. One could appreciate in the case of Haiti. Or perhaps heavy rains and consequent floods that sweep away the few properties that people have. Earthquakes, landslides among other disasters cause great pain to marginal and poor populations.
Finally, political conflicts also cause poverty. Many people because of armed clashes must have to leave their homes and live as refugees in other places and other times. Different countries do not have the protection of that legal residents. Some live in homes of relatives, crowded and tight. Others have moved into stables, places for animals without the necessary hygienic conditions.